Taxonomy conform IOC World Bird List

Distribution

  • Palearctic : widespread

Subspecies

  • S. e. sinensis - nc, e China
  • S. e. formosana - Taiwan
  • S. e. asiatica - sw, sc Siberia, n Kazakhstan and w Mongolia
  • S. e. seorsa - nw China
  • S. e. baicalensis - e Siberia and c Mongolia
  • S. e. albifrons - ne Siberia and Kuril Is.
  • S. e. takatsukasai - sc Kuril Is.
  • S. e. sakhalinensis - Sakhalin I.
  • S. e. clara - s Kuril Is. and Hokkaido (n Japan)
  • S. e. amurensis - Russian Far East, ne China and Korea
  • S. e. bedfordi - Cheju I. (off South Korea)
  • S. e. hondoensis - Honshu to n Kyushu (Japan)
  • S. e. roseilia - s Kyushu (extreme s Japan)
  • S. e. caesia - w, c, se Europe
  • S. e. europaea - n, e Europe
  • S. e. cisalpina - Switzerland, Croatia, Italy and Sicily
  • S. e. hispaniensis - Portugal, Spain and n Morocco
  • S. e. levantina - s Turkey, n Syria and n Lebanon
  • S. e. caucasica - ne Turkey to sw Russia
  • S. e. persica - se Turkey, n Iraq and w Iran
  • S. e. rubiginosa - n Iran and Azerbaijan
Data Number
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Updated at: 2024-02-27 17:14:49
User Observations
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External links

Sounds

song

Photos

unknown

juvenile

first calendar year

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