Taxonomy conform IOC World Bird List


  • Breeding range => North America, Palearctic : mostly high (locally low) Arctic marshy tundra of Holarctic: from sw, ec Greenland, Iceland (local), Svalbard (n of Norway), Novaya Zemlya and n Siberia to Bering Strait; n Alaska and n Canada including s tier of Arctic Canadian islands
  • Nonbreeding range => temperate to tropical coastal waters of Atlantic and Pacific oceans: from n California to s Chile (e Pacific) and Atlantic USA to n Florida (w North Atlantic); coastal waters of e tropical and South Atlantic off nw, w, sw Africa
Data Number
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Updated at: 2024-02-22 20:14:42
User Observations
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External links



adult breeding

adult non-breeding

first winter

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