Taxonomy conform IOC World Bird List

Distribution

  • Breeding range => Palearctic : Iceland through w, n Europe to w Russia
  • Nonbreeding range => n Africa, s Asia

IUCN

Status

Near Threatened

General

This species has been uplisted to Near Threatened as its global population has probably declined by more than 25% over the last three generations, and is continuing to decline, thus approaching the threshold for Vulnerable under the population size reduction criterion (A2abc+3bc+4abc).

Habitat

This species breeds in a wide range of open habitats, such as tundra, moorland and heathland, bogs, saltmarshes, dunes, coastal meadows, hillsides, forest clearings, fallow land and occasionally in arable land. In the winter it is also found along seashores. It breeds from late March to August. The nest is a neat cup of grass, lined with finer grass and hair and is concealed amongst vegetation on the ground. Clutches range from two to seven eggs and clutch size increases with latitude (Tyler 2004). It feeds mainly on invertebrates but does consume some plant seeds in the autumn and winter (Snow and Perrins 1998).

© IUCN

Data Number
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Updated at: 2024-02-21 03:59:25
User Observations
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External links

Sounds

song

Breskens - Telpost e.o. (ZL)

alarm call

Photos

unknown

adult

juvenile

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